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is a hard
and durable type of quartz. It has had a variety of uses through the
ages: struck with steel to spark and ignite a fire; made into arrow heads,
spearheads and other tools by early man; for building material; and
it can also be polished as a gemstone. Two types of flint commonly
polished into cabochons are Banded Flint from Poland and Ohio Flint. Ohio
flint is very colorful and polishes very nicely, it is also the state stone
of Ohio. Polish Flint is not as colorful, although it has beautiful banded
patterns which make up for itís muted coloring. The examples Iíve
seen are varying shades of grey, mauve, brown or cream.
is a mineral that comes in a variety
of colors ranging from yellow, pink, blue green and violet. Especially attractive
is rainbow fluorite with itís bands of color. The violet variety is sometimes
mistaken for amethyst. Fluorite crystals can be either transparent or translucent.
fossil agate can be found in much of the western area of the U.S. which was
once an inland sea. The turritella was an ancient sea snail with a cone shaped
spiral shell. The tiny shells have been replaced by agate and chalcedony.
There are other similar fossil agates from this inland sea with other species
of marine snails.
CoralFossil Coral is the
mineralized remains of ancient coral. Some fossil coral has been agatized
or become agate over the millennia and is a hard stone which can take a
is a group of minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones
and abrasives. Most often seen in red, they come in a wide variety of colors
including orange, yellow, green, blue, purple, brown, black, pink and colorless.
Six common types of garnet are recognized based on their chemical composition.
Garnet can range from the gemstone-quality transparent to the opaque.
is manmade and more of a glass than
a stone. The original recipe for goldstone was a well kept secret
of the Vatican that only recently has been shared with others. Although
not a natural stone it is a beautiful material which makes sparkling lovely
cabochons. Most commonly found in brown it does come in other colors including
blue and green. Healing Properties
Graveyard Point Plume Agate
comes from the Owyhee mountain area, on
the Idaho Oregon border. It is named for the beautiful plume like patterns
within the agate. The colors range from a creamy white to yellow, pinks,
reds, and different shades of blue. Iron pyrite can add a nice sparkle to
this stone. Inclusions of other minerals, create fascinating scenes to fuel
The image on the right the pendant is back lit to show the translucence
of the agate.
from Guadalajara, Mexico. One of the fine jaspers on the market, this collectible
material is porcelain hard and comes in many varieties. This jasper forms
in nodules and usually has a chalky white exterior. Typically it come in
shades of pink, red and green. Healing Properties
in Death Valley California and can no longer be collected since Death Valley
became a National Park. It is also known as Indian Paint Stone Picture Jasper
and Death Valley Picture Jasper. Technically, it may not be a true jasper
as it has not completely become silica. It has beautiful patterns that appear
to be painted on and some great coloring with veins of hematite.
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